A quick tutorial on striping techniques with Lego.
About this creation
Real locomotives, rolling stock, trucks, windows, and walls present a great variety of liveries. To recreate this colour scheme in LEGO models is challenging. One solution is diagonal striping, where you would use slope bricks in various colours and angles to achieve the desired affect.
Unfortunately, normal and inverted slopes cannot be placed side by side in the classical way, because
of an overlapping effect. A simple solution to this is the one plate vertical offset. Some rapid theoretical calculations show that the gaps between slope bricks vary from 3.6 (0.144cm) to 1.2(0.048cm) LDU depending on slope of the brick.
If the two slope bricks are placed side by side with a half stud offset, the gaps are different, as seen below.
Interestingly, this is exactly enough space to fit a 1xn flat tile piece, as seen below.
In the case of the 1x2x1 slopes the gap is greater,
in the case of the 1x3x1 slopes, the gap is reduced and negligible,
in the case of the 1x2x3 slopes the gap is higher but allows the placement of a 1x4 tile.
This technique has also been used to build Tudor style decorative walls by Lenny Hoffman.
A similar technique, using the free space between parts to fill with floating tiles, has been developed
by James Brink to create five wide windows, again, in the Tudor style
Micro-striping techniques allow you to create stripes with a width less than the height of one plate, i.e. less than 8(0.32cm) LDU. Micro-striping is an original idea from Steve Barile and developed by James Mathis in the LEGO Trains theme.
Micro-striping is possible thanks to thinner than normal Lego parts (see below). Micro-striping then will often
require SNOT and/or offset mounting so it can use a lot of pieces. Thin parts are: flags, brick hinge tops, brackets, fences, panels and baseplates. Most of them are 4(0.16cm) LDU, brick hinge tops are 2(0.08cm) LDU, and the fences are 6(0.24cm) LDU. Top hinge micro-striping: The simplest micro-striping technique, with no SNOT or offset necessary. Be careful that the lowest stripe is only 22(0.88cm) LDU high instead of 24(0.96cm). SNOT mounted 1x2-1x4 bracket micro-striping: This requires SNOT, the lower stripe is 20 (0.8cm)LDU high and there is a slight front offset of about 2(0.08cm) LDU. This micro-striping technique's length is at least a multiple of 20(0.8cm) LDU. SNOT mounted 1x2-2x2 bracket micro-striping: This technique is easier and its length is a multiple of
2 studs. The lower stripe can be as low as 8(0.32cm) LDU but the total height present an offset of 4(0.16cm) LDU.