The Tiger II was a German heavy tank of the Second World War. The official German designation was Panzerkampfwagen Tiger Ausf. B.
About this creation
The Tiger II Ausf. B, commonly known to Allied soldiers as the "King Tiger" or "Royal Tiger" and to German soldiers as the "Konigstiger" (Bengal Tiger), was the most formidable tank manufactured during WWII and currently the most prized WWII vehicle.
Created by merging Lego 4 Life's Tiger I chassis with an elongated version of my Panther tank turret.
The design followed the same concept as the Tiger I, but was intended to be even more formidable. The Tiger II combined the thick armor of the Tiger I with the sloped armor used on the Panther medium tank. The tank weighed almost seventy metric tons, was protected by 100 to 180 mm (4 to 7 in) of armor to the front and was armed with the long barreled 8.8 cm KwK L/71 gun, a derivative of the infamous FlaK 88. The chassis was also the basis for theJagdtiger turretless tank destroyer.
Development of a heavy tank design had been initiated in 1937; the initial design contract was awarded to Henschel. Another contract followed in 1939, and was given to Porsche. Both prototype series used the same turret design from Krupp; the main differences were in the hull, transmission, suspension and automotive features. The Henschel version used a conventional hull design with sloped armor resembling the layout of the Panther tank.
The Porsche hull designs included a rear-mounted turret and a mid-mounted engine. The suspension was the same as on the Elefant tank destroyer. This had six road wheels per side mounted in paired bogies sprung with short longitudinal torsion bars that were integral to the wheel pair; this saved internal space and facilitated repairs
Henschel won the contract, and all Tiger IIs produced during WWII were manufactured by the firm. The turrets were designed to mount the 8.8 cm KwK 43 L/71 gun. Combined with a monocular sight by Leitz, it was a very accurate and deadly weapon. During practice, the estimated probability of a first round hit on a 2 m (6 ft 7 in) high by 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) wide target only dropped below 100 percent at ranges beyond 1,000 m (0.62 mi), to 95–97 percent at 1,500 metres (0.93 mi) and 85–87 percent at 2,000 m (1.2 mi), depending on ammunition type. Penetration of armored plate inclined at 30 degrees was 202 and 132 mm (8.0 and 5.2 in) at 100 and 2,000 m (0.062 and 1.2 mi) respectively for the armor-piercing shells. The Sprenggranate 43 (SpGr) high-explosive round was available for soft targets, which had 90 mm (3.5 in) penetration at any range, could be used as a dual-purpose munition against soft or armored targets.
TLDR: It absolutely murdered everything.
Like all German tanks, it had a gasoline engine; in this case the same 690 hp V-12 Maybach HL 230 P30 which powered the much lighter Panther tank and Tiger I tanks. The Tiger II was under-powered, like many other heavy tanks of World War II, and consumed a lot of fuel, which was in short supply for the Germans.
The Tiger II was developed late in the war and made in relatively small numbers - 1,500 Tiger IIs were ordered, but the production was severely disrupted by Allied bombing. Among others, five raids between 22 September and 7 October 1944 destroyed 95 percent of the floor area of the Henschel plant. It is estimated that this caused the loss in production of some 657 Tiger IIs. Only 492 units were produced: 1 in 1943, 379 in 1944, and 112 in 1945. Full production ran from mid-1944 to the end of the war.
There were two main mechanical reasons for the initial unreliability of the Tiger II, leaking seals and gaskets, and the overburdened drivetrain which was originally intended for a lighter vehicle.
The 501st heavy tank battalion arrived on the Eastern Front with only 8 out of 45 tanks operational, mostly due to drivetrain failures. The first five Tiger IIs delivered to the Panzer-Lehr Division broke down before they could be used in combat, and were destroyed to prevent capture.