The 2S1 Gvozdika is a Soviet 122-mm self-propelled howitzer
About this creation
The 2S1 Gvozdika, (Russian: 'Carnation') is fully amphibious with very little preparation, and once afloat is propelled by its tracks. A variety of wider tracks are also available to allow the 2S1 to operate in snow or swamp conditions. It is NBC protected and has infra-red night-vision capability.
The interior is separated into a driver's compartment on the left, an engine compartment on the right and a fighting compartment to the rear. Within the fighting compartment sit the commander on the left, the loader on the right and the gunner to the front. The all-welded turret is located above the fighting compartment. The 2S1 utilizes a 122 mm howitzer based on the towed D-30 howitzer. The gun is equipped with a power rammer, a double-baffle muzzle brake and a fume extractor. It is capable of firing HE (high explosive), armor-piercing HE, flechette and chemical rounds
The first prototype was ready in 1969. The 2S1 entered service with the Soviet Army in the early 1970s and was first seen in public at a Polish Army parade in 1974. The vehicle was deployed in large numbers (72 per tank division, 36 per motorized rifle division). It was designated the M1974 by the US Army and manufactured in Bulgarian, Polish and Russian state factories
Below is the 2S1 at the museum I work at
The markings on the hatch are Arabic, as this particular 2S1 was captured in Iraq during Operation Desert Storm. It was donated to the foundation by the Marine Corps as certain US Senators felt that if the military kept all the vehicles captured during Desert Storm, it would appear to the general public that we were souvenir hunting most of the time and not defending Kuwait.