The 88 mm gun (eighty-eight) was a German anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II. It was widely used by Germany throughout the war, and was one of the most recognized German weapons of the war. Development of the original models led to a wide variety of guns.
The name applies to a series of guns, the first one officially called the 8.8 cm Flak 18, the improved 8.8 cm Flak 36, and later the 8.8 cm Flak 37. Flak is a contraction of German Flugzeugabwehrkanone meaning "aircraft-defensive cannon", the original purpose of the eighty-eight. In informal German use, the guns were universally known as the Acht-acht("eight-eight"), a contraction of Acht-komma-acht Zentimeter ("8.8 cm"). In English, "flak" became a generic term for ground anti-aircraft fire.
Weight 7,407 kg (16,325 lbs)
Length 5.791 m (20 ft)
Barrel length 4.938 m (16 ft 2 in) L/56
Height 2.10 m (6 ft 11 in) (firing)
Effective range 14,810 m (16,200 yds) ground target
7,620 m (25,000 ft) effective ceiling
Maximum range 11,900 m (39,000 ft) maximum ceiling