9K72 Elbrus (Scud-B launcher) . The TR-1 Temp is a mobile theatre ballistic missile developed and deployed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. .
The R-17 is one of several Soviet missiles to carry the reporting name Scud; the most prolifically launched of the series, with a production run estimated at 7,000 (1960-1987). Also designated R-300 during the 1970s, the R-17 was derived from the R-11 Zemlya. It has been operated by 32 countries and manufactured in four countries outside the Soviet Union. It is still in service with some.
First three photos by Bernard Zee
The R-17 featured important improvements over the R-11. The Isayev RD-21 engine used a combination of inhibited red fuming nitric acid (IRFNA) oxidizer and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) fuel, fed into the combustion chamber by fuel pumps that ensured a more consistent thrust. The guidance system, active only during the boosted phase, uses three gyroscopes, that give it an accuracy of within 450m
A nuclear warhead was designed for the R-17, with a selectable yield, from 5 to 70 kilotons. However it could also carry a chemical warhead, containing 555 kg of viscous VX nerve agent; a conventional weapon, with a single high explosive warhead; or a series of fragmentation payloads, using either high explosive, anti-tank or anti-runway munitions
At first, the R-17 was carried on a tracked launcher similar to that of the R-11, designated 2P19, but this was not very successful, as the vibration of the tracks had a tendency to interfere with the launch electronics. Production of this model was halted after Nikita Khrushchev cancelled the production of heavy tanks in 1962, and a wheeled launcher was designed by the Titan Central Design Bureau, becoming operational in 1967
The new MAZ-543 vehicle was officially designated 9P117 Uragan, and its Russian crews nicknamed it Kashalot (sperm whale), because of its size. The eight-wheeled MAZ-543 has a loaded weight of 37,400 kg, a road speed of 55 km/h and a range of 650 km. It can carry out the launch sequence autonomously, but this is usually directed from a separate command vehicle. The missile is raised to a vertical position by means of hydraulically-powered cranes, which usually takes four minutes, while the total sequence lasts about one hour
In the 2011 Libyan civil war during the first phase of the war, pro-Gadaffi forces launched Scud-B's at rebel strongholds. On 14 August 2011 a confirmed Scud-B launch was detected by a US Aegis destroyer, with the missile fired from Sirte and heading toward rebel positions in Ajdabiya. The missile fell 80 km off target in the middle of the desert, inflicting no damage. Eight days later, on August 22nd, three more SCUD-B launches were detected by NATO.
During the Soviet-Afghan War, from 1980-88, 1200 Scud-B's were launched at mujahideen forces.
Below is the Scud-B at the museum where I work.
This particular piece was bought off the former Czechoslovakian government for about $100,000 following the collapse of the Soviet Union. When it arrived in the US, it was seen being driven off of a cargo ship behind a load of Ford pickups. Understandably, dock workers panicked and called the police. The police called the US government and the entire dock was sealed off.
Jacques Littlefield, the proprietor of the museum, had to show the government his certificate of demilitarization of the Scud. The gov't didn't really buy it, so they took possession of it for 6 years. In the end they sent it back to Jacques and billed him $65,000 for storage.
Range - 275-500 km
CEP (accuracy) - 500-900 m
Type of fuel - liquid
Preparation time - 1 hour
Period of storage - 19 years(in stock), 6 month (in combat condition)
Flight time - 1.5 minutes
Weight - 37,400 kg
Length - 13.6 m
Width - ~4.8 m
Height - ~3.5 m
Speed - 55 km/h
Range - 650 km